How to Choose Best Course of Biotechnology

Biotechnology is one of the emerging career fields in engineering which is combined with technology and biology for Research & Development (R&D) in India and abroad. 

Biotechnology involves the application of the principles to make or modify products or processes which uses the living organisms, biological system, cells, plants, and tissues.

Health care, Pharmaceuticals, Nutrition, Food Technology, Medicines, and Forensic Sciences are some of the areas in Biotechnology. 

The scope of Biotechnology is diverse and offers opportunities in the field of engineering, disease research, pollution control, energy production,  and research.

List of Biotechnology Courses:

BSc in Medical Biotechnology:

BSc in Medical Biotech is the study where living cells and cell materials are used in research and development, and produce pharmaceuticals and diagnostic products that help in treating and preventing human disease. It is a 3-year full-time undergraduate course.

The minimum qualification required to apply for the course is 10+2 in the science stream, completed from a recognized educational board with 70% marks and above. Most of the Universities also conduct entrance examination for the admission. The average fee of the course in India is around INR 2 – 5 lakhs. 

Learning outcomes: Students gain knowledge about gene therapy, stem cell therapy, tissue engineering, biosensing technology, diagnostic methods of various infectious diseases, gene alterations and different methods of tissue culture in-vitro.

Job opportunities: Medical biotechnologists work in academic Institutions or industry in developing drugs or vaccines, as Bacteriologist, Hematologist, Parasitologist, Mycologist, Virologist, Immunologist, Clinical Chemist (endocrinology and toxicology), Serologist and Urinalysis.

MSc in Pharmaceutical Biotechnology:

MSc in Pharmaceutical biotech is a new and growing field which consists of a fusion of pharmaceutical sciences and biotechnology.

Combination of these two principles is applied to the development of novel drugs. It is a 2-year full-time postgraduate course that is divided into 4 semesters and the final semester is based on presentations, projects, and dissertations.

The qualification required to apply for the course is a Bachelor of Pharmacy (B.Pharm) degree, with a minimum of 50% marks from a recognized university. The average fee of the course in India is around INR 2 – 5 lakhs.

Learning outcomes: The course teaches students about methods of drug therapy, biopharming, new drug discovery, production of vaccines, different diagnostic enzymes, growth hormones, nanotechnology and cosmetic engineering.

Job opportunities: Postgraduates from this background have a lot of scopes in India and abroad. They are hired in industries as a Research Associate, Business Development Executive, Team leader, Quality Control Programs Executive, Import specialist, Scientist, Marketing Executive Trainee and Laboratory instructor in both government and corporate sectors.

BSc in Biotechnology:

It is a 3-year full-time undergraduate course. The course covers 6 semesters and the duration of each semester is 6 months.

The minimum qualification required to apply for the course is 10+2 in the science stream achieved from a recognized educational board with 50% marks and above.

The average course fee in India ranges between INR 1 – 4 lakhs on an average for the complete course.

Learning outcomes: The program teaches students about the application of technology, biology, bioprocess in engineering and medicine. 

Job opportunities: Graduates have wide scopes to explore their skills in the areas of Food Industries, Health care, Pharmaceuticals, Agricultural Industries, as well as pursue research through higher education.

MSc in Biotechnology:

Master of Science in Biotech is a 2-year full-time postgraduate course that is divided into 4 semesters. The educational qualification required to apply for the course is a bachelor degree (B.Sc. in any of Biological sciences, MBBS, B.Pharm, BPT, BAMS, and BHMS) with a minimum of 50% aggregate score from a recognized institute. The average fee of the course in India is around INR 2 lakhs. 

Learning outcomes: The program teaches students about gene mutation, environmental protection, analysis of soil and water, sex determination methods, fermentation methods, and isolation of DNA/RNA.

Job opportunities: After completion of the course they can join in Research in biotechnology laboratories, become an Entrepreneur, join Pharmaceutical companies, academics, become Business Development Manager, Marketing Manager, Lab Technician, Research Scientist and Environmental or Safety Specialist. Students can also pursue a PhD in Biotechnology, MBA and PGDM.

MSc in Animal Biotechnology:

Master of Science in Animal biotech is a 2-year full-time postgraduate course which is divided into 4 semesters. It involves the study of science and engineering which leads to modification of living organism to perform cloning and produce transgenic animals.

The minimum educational qualification required to apply for the course is a bachelor degree with 60% aggregate score from a recognized institute. The average fee of the course in India is around INR 4 lakhs. 

Learning outcomes: Students acquire knowledge about gene cloning methods, gene knockout technology and genetic engineering.

Job opportunities: Passed out students can apply for Government jobs in research centres, private institutions or NGOs. They can pursue a PhD in Animal Biotechnology. They can also appear in UGC-NET examination.

BSc in Agricultural Biotechnology:

Bachelor of Science in Agricultural Biotech is a 4-year full-time undergraduate course. It deals with the gene manipulation of organisms to increase the production or processing of agricultural products.

The minimum educational qualification required to apply for the course is 10+2 in the science stream (with subjects like Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Biology) completed from a recognized educational board with 50% marks and above. 

Learning outcomes: Passed out students get knowledge about the genetic manipulation methods, development of transgenic plants, methods of developing new plants which are disease, pest, and climate resistant.

Job opportunities: After completion of the course, students can pursue MSc Agricultural Biotechnology. They can appear in ICAR-NET/ARS examination or apply for jobs for Cooperative placement in agriculturally related businesses and government agencies.

MSc in Agricultural Biotechnology:

It is a 2-year full-time postgraduate course. Agricultural biotech deals with the gene manipulation of organisms to increase the production and processing of agricultural products.

The duration of MSc Agricultural Biotechnology is of 2 academic years but it may differ from institute to institute and maybe on a part-time basis by certain institutes.

The educational qualification required to apply for the course is a bachelor degree in any of the Biological Sciences with minimum 50% aggregate score from a recognized institute. 

Learning outcomes: After course completion, students get knowledge about the development of tissue culture, molecule markers, transgenic plants, diagnostic methods, genetic manipulation methods, methods of plant breeding, methods of developing new plants which are pest, disease, and climate resistant.

Job opportunities: After completion of the course, students can apply for jobs in government universities, research institutes or at private centres as research scientists/assistants, in pharmaceutical companies, biotech companies, food manufacturers, and agricultural companies. They can also pursue PhD or M. Phil.

MSc in Environmental Biotechnology:

Master of Science in Environmental Biotech is a 2-year full-time postgraduate course which is divided into 4 semesters. It is a science which deals with microorganisms for environmental improvements like to prevent, detect, and remediate the emission of pollutants into the environment. It focuses on improving biological systems.

The qualification required to apply for the course is a bachelor degree in any of the biological sciences with minimum 55% marks from a recognized institute. The average fee of the course in India is around INR 4 lakhs. 

Learning outcomes: Students get knowledge about industrial waste management methods, bioremediation technology, wastewater management, and biological methods to detect and monitor environmental pollution.

Job opportunities: Postgraduates from this background have a lot of scopes in India and abroad. After completion of the course, students can pursue a PhD in Environmental Biotechnology, work in private industry, academic institutions, government for central and state agencies.

B. Tech. in Industrial Biotechnology:

B. Tech in Industrial Biotech is an undergraduate degree course in the field of engineering. Industrial biotechnology uses enzymes and microorganisms for the production of industrial goods, like pharmaceutical products, plastics, agricultural, food products, and chemicals. It is a 4-year course that is divided into 8 semesters, the final semester is based on the internship.

The minimum educational qualification required to apply for the course is 10+2 in the science stream (with subjects like Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics) completed from a recognized educational board with 50% marks and above. The average fee of the course in India is around INR 2 – 5 lakhs. 

Learning outcomes: Students get knowledge about the uses of enzymes in the different industrial process such as baking, brewing, and detergents. They also get knowledge about leather processing, bioplastics, textile processing, pharmaceuticals, clinical diagnostic agents and biofuels.

Job opportunities: After completion of the course, Industrial biotech engineers can pursue M. Tech. in Industrial Biotechnology or apply for jobs in Pharmaceutical industries, Chemical industries, Animal Husbandry, Health and Cosmetics industries, Educational Institutes, Environmental conservation and in Agriculture industry.

M. Tech. in Industrial Biotechnology:

M. Tech. in Industrial Biotec is a 2-year full-time postgraduate course that is divided into 4 semesters. The minimum educational qualification required to apply for the course is B. Tech/B.E in Biological Sciences with minimum 50% marks from a recognized institute. The average fee of the course in India is around INR 2 – 5 lakhs.

Learning outcomes: Students get knowledge about bioplastics, leather processing, textile processing, pharmaceuticals, clinical diagnostic agents, food industry, fine chemicals, growth regulators, drug discovery and industrial production of hormones.

Job opportunities:  Careers can be pursued in manufacturing and processing industries, aquaculture sector, public-funded laboratories, agriculture chemical, food processing & agro-based industries, environment control, energy, pharmaceutical companies, waste management, allied industries, research laboratories, academic institutions, chemical and textile industries.

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